|Arthur W. 'Art' Lehman
Arthur W. 'Art' Lehman (September 24,
1917–June 19, 2009) was a widely recorded American
Euphonium virtuoso and soloist. He was noted for having
radically changed the way the instrument was technically
performed, and was a major influence on Euphonium
soloists who followed him.
Lehman retired as Euphonium soloist
and section leader of the "President's Own" United
States Marine Band in 1971 after twenty-four years of
service. During his time with the Marine Band, he
performed many solos that set the highest standards for
Euphoniumists who followed. Arthur Lehman was
instrumental in changing the Euphonium section of the
Marine Band from playing the small-bore C.G. Conn
Double-bell euphoniums of the Sousa Band era to the
large-bore Boosey and Hawkes self-compensating
Euphoniums, which he demonstrated to be more functional
and adaptable to modern performance practices.
Art Lehman was born in Doylestown,
Pennsylvania, and attended Penn State University, where
he was awarded a B.A. in Electrical Engineering in 1940.
Drafted into the United States Army upon graduation,
although initially assigned to an aircraft factory based
on his engineering background, Lehman wound up playing
Euphonium with an Army band from 1944 to 1946.
Having studied with Simone Mantia,
soloist of the Sousa Band, in the summer of 1946, Lehman
began studying Euphonium with Harold Brasch, the noted
Euphonium soloist of the United States Navy Band. Lehman
played with the Penn State Varsity Band and the Philco
Band of Philadelphia during his studies.
Arthur Lehman was accepted into the
United States Marine Band in 1947. Retiring with rank of
Master Gunnery Sergeant, Lehman also served as the
Band's personnel manager from 1956 to 1964.
Lehman's Euphonium teacher, Harold
Brasch had started using a bigger-bore Boosey and Hawkes
Euphonium during World War II, but the bigger-sounding
British-made Euphoniums didn't catch on with other
American players until the middle 1950s with Lehman's
solo performances during Marine Band radio concerts.
In the late 1940s, Lehman worked
closely with the British Boosey and Hawkes musical
instrument company to produce a set of five custom-made
silver-plated "Imperial" model Euphoniums which were
used in the Marine Band for over half a century. One of
these unique Euphoniums is owned today by one of
Lehman's former students, Glenn Call.
Always looking for a darker, more
powerful sound, Arthur Lehman also developed the deep,
large-bore parabolic-cup mouthpieces generally known
today as the "Lehman Special," a radical change from the
shallower cup-shaped mouthpieces of earlier Euphonium
soloists. With his performances on the Boosey and Hawkes
Euphoniums and his "Lehman Special" mouthpieces, Lehman
is widely credited for transforming the typical American
Euphonium sound from the lighter continental sound of
the John Philip Sousa days to the rich, dark and
resonant sound common today.
In 1969, Glenn Call, then
Euphoniumist with the Continental Army Band at Fort
Monroe, Virginia, began studies with Arthur Lehman. It
was at this time that Lehman began to meticulously
formulate his Euphonium playing techniques and put them
down in a document that came to be called "The ART of
the Euphonium." These notes developed into a book
published in the early 1970s by Robert Hoe, and later by
the Tuba Press.
Call continued his lessons with
Arthur Lehman through the 1970s after Call was accepted
in the Marine Band. During this time, Lee Dummer, of the
U.S. Army Band ("Pershing's Own") also studied with
Lehman. Other enthusiastic Lehman Euphonium students
included Michael Ressler, Frank Noonan, Robert Palmer,
Maureen Hickey and Tony Ciarlante. Arthur Lehman's final
student - and official biographer - was retired FBI
Agent Keith Barton, whom Arthur gave his personal Boosey
and Hawkes Euphonium.
A member of the International Tuba
Euphonium Association (ITEA), Arthur Lehman was a writer
on Euphonium technique and repertoire during the 1980s,
through the early 2000s, appearing in professional
journals and the internet. Following his years in the
Marine Band, Arthur Lehman continued playing as a member
of the National Concert Band of America. He retired from
playing the playing the instrument in April 2002 at age
Arthur Lehman died June 19, 2009 at
his home in Camp Springs, Maryland.